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Ebola Resources
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Ebola, previously known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is a rare and deadly disease caused by infection with one of the Ebola virus strains. Ebola can cause disease in humans and nonhuman primates (monkeys, gorillas, and chimpanzees).


Ebola is caused by infection with a virus of the family Filoviridae, genus Ebolavirus. There are five identified Ebola virus species, four of which are known to cause disease in humans: Ebola virus (Zaire ebolavirus); Sudan virus (Sudan ebolavirus); Taï Forest virus (Taï Forest ebolavirus, formerly Côte d’Ivoire ebolavirus); and Bundibugyo virus (Bundibugyo ebolavirus). The fifth, Reston virus (Reston ebolavirus), has caused disease in nonhuman primates, but not in humans.


The natural reservoir host of Ebola virus remains unknown. However, on the basis of evidence and the nature of similar viruses, researchers believe that the virus is animal-borne and that bats are the most likely reservoir. Four of the five virus strains occur in an animal host native to Africa.

MPCA is regularly monitoring Ebola activity and will share information that has been reviewed for credibility, reliability, and relevancy to Michigan Health Centers. We have clinical, public health, and emergency management staff monitoring various sources of information. We encourage Michigan Health Centers to be in contact with local, regional, and state partners to stay in touch regarding messaging and response planning.


MPCA will continue to update this webpage as new information and resources become available, identifying the source of the information and the date of its release.


MPCA also continues to send electronic updates via email as new information is released. These updates are distributed to Michigan Health Center CEOs/Executive Directors, Chief Medical Officers, and members of the Clinicians Network, Operations Network, and Quality Improvement Network. If your role at a Michigan Health Center falls within one of these areas and you would like to join the corresponding Network, click here for more information.


Lastly, a weekly update is being included in MPCA's official enewsletter, the MPCA eUpdate. If you would like to subscribe to this weekly publication to stay up-to-date on news about and impacting Michigan Health Centers, such as the Ebola Virus Disease, click here.



Credible Sources for Ebola Information

Resources for Michigan Health Centers

National Resources:

November 10, 2014

Disinfectants for Use Against the Ebola Virus  (Source: EPA)
This list of registered disinfectants meets the Center for Disease Control’s (CDC) criteria for use against the Ebola virus on hard, non-porous surfaces. It is necessary to follow the specific use instructions on the label for each disinfectant in order for the disinfectant to be effective. The product label will not specifically mention effectiveness against the Ebola virus. Instead, it will mention effectiveness against a different virus, such as norovirus, rotavirus, adenovirus, and/or poliovirus.  


November 2014

HIPAA Guidelines for Emergency Situations  (Source: HHS)

In light of the Ebola outbreak and other events, the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS), Office for Civil Rights (OCR), is providing this bulletin to ensure that HIPAA covered entities and their business associates are aware of the ways in which patient information may be shared under the HIPAA Privacy Rule in an emergency situation, and to serve as a reminder that the protections of the Privacy Rule are not set aside during an emergency.  


November 5, 2014

Is it Flu or Ebola?  (Source: CDC)

Infographic explaining the differences between the Flu and Ebola. 


November 5, 2014

Key Messages-Ebola Virus Disease, West Africa  (Source: CDC)

The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) is working with other U.S. government agencies, the World Health Organization (WHO), and other domestic and international partners in an international response to the current Ebola outbreak in West Africa. This document summarizes key messages about the outbreak and the response. 


November 1, 2014

How Ebola Is Spread  (Source: CDC)

Excellent resource from CDC explaining the difference between airborne transmission and droplet transmission of viruses. Great for staff and patients


October 31, 2014

Identify, Isolate, Inform: Ambulatory Care Evaluation of Patients with Possible Ebola Virus Disease (Ebola)

(Source: CDC)

CDC algorithm for management of possible Ebola patients (updated Oct. 31, 2014- specific to Ambulatory Care Settings).


October 29, 2014

Ebola: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Donning and Doffing Procedures  (Source: CDC)

CDC Ebola: Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Donning and Doffing Procedures (updated October 29, 2014 – specific to hospital settings, but provides extensive video instruction


October 29, 2014

Ebola (Ebola Virus Disease)  (Source: CDC)

Q and A from CDC on a variety of Ebola topics.



Coping With Stress During Infectious Disease Outbreaks

(Source: Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration SAMHSA)

Handout for those who are experiencing stress about Infectious Disease Outbreaks


October 23, 2014
Archived Teleforum: The Role of Health Centers in the Ebola Outbreak (Source: National Association of Community Health Centers)
NACHC's Chief Medical Officer and Health Center experts from the field led an important NACHC teleForum about the role of Health Centers in the Ebola outbreak. Included with the teleforum transcript are resources that the presenters referenced.


October 20, 2014 

Guidance on Personal Protective Equipment To Be Used by Healthcare Workers During Management of Patients with Ebola Virus Disease in U.S. Hospitals, Including Procedures for Putting On (Donning) and Removing (Doffing) (Source: CDC) 


October 20, 2014

Fact Sheet: Tightened Guidance for U.S. Healthcare Workers on Personal Protective Equipment for Ebola (Source: CDC)


October 19, 2014

When Caring for Suspect or Confirmed Patients with Ebola: Could It Be Ebola? (Source: CDC)

Includes information about what SHOULD and SHOULD NOT be done for a patient under investigation for Ebola Virus Disease. Also includes a poster with this information to help staff answer the question, "Could it be Ebola?"


October 16, 2014

Key Messages on Ebola Virus Disease (Source: CDC)

This document summarizes key messages about the outbreak and the response. It will be updated as new information becomes available and will be distributed regularly. Please share this document with others as appropriate.


October 13, 2014
Questions and Answers About Ebola and Pets (Source: CDC) 
This resource developed by the CDC answers questions about how the disease affects the animal population, and in particular, the risk to household pets. 


October 12, 2014

Facts About Ebola Infographic (Source: CDC)
Concise information presented in poster format ideal for staff information or quick reference.


September 12, 2014

Health Care Provider Preparedness Checklist for Ebola Virus Disease (Source: CDC, ASPR)

This checklist highlights some key areas for health care providers to review in the event that a person with Ebola arrives for health care.


September 12, 2014

Health Care Facility Preparedness Checklist for Ebola Virus Disease (Source: CDC, ASPR)

The following checklist highlights some key areas for health care facilities to review in preparation for a person with Ebola arriving for health care.


Release date not identified

An Open Letter to All U.S. Healthcare Professionals (Source: ASPR)
Reminds all U.S. health care professionals of the three simple steps they can take to prevent the spread of Ebola: detection, protection, and response.


Michigan-specific Resources:

October 31, 2014

Traveler Evaluation and Monitoring Protocol (Source: Michigan Department of Community Health)

This document from MDCH summarizes the activities and responsibilities of LHD for patients traveling in from West Africa. 


October 30, 2014

Michigan Monitoring Residents in Accordance With Updated Guidance

(Source: Michigan Department of Community Health)

Update from the MDCH on the current number of patients being monitored in Michigan and the protocol for monitoring.  


October 30, 2014

MDCH Interim Guidance for Monitoring and Movement of Asymptomatic Persons with Potential Ebola Virus Exposure (Source:Michigan Department of Community Health)

Concise table from MDCH (Michigan specific) on monitoring of Asymptomatic persons (tells what they are doing and recommending)


October 22, 2014
Gov. Rick Snyder Roundtable Discussion: Michigan Taking Aggressive Steps to Prepare for Potential Ebola Care (Source: State of Michigan)
Michigan Governor Rick Snyder and the state’s public health leaders hosted a roundtable discussion to discuss how state agencies are coordinating efforts with hospitals and health care workers it Michigan’s ongoing Ebola preparedness efforts. Video recording


October 17, 2014

Gov. Rick Snyder Media Release: State's Preparedness, Education Efforts Continue Against Ebola Threat (Source: State of Michigan)
In this media release, Michigan Governor Rick Snyder said the Michigan Department of Community Health (MDCH) and its Office of Public Health Preparedness (OPHP) have activated the Community Health Emergency Communications Center (CHECC). Director of the Department of Community Health Nick Lyon and Chief Medical Executive Dr. Matthew Davis have been designated by the governor to lead state efforts against the threat of Ebola


October 16, 2014

Waiting Room Sign-English
Waiting Room Sign-Spanish
 (Source: MDCH)

Sign to display in waiting area instructing patients to notify staff if they recently return from West Africa or had close contact with someone who traveled to West Africa and was ill AND has any of the symptoms listed.


October 14, 2014

Ebola Virus Disease (EVD): What You Need to Know (Source: Wayne County Department of Public Health in conjunction with the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services)


October 9, 2014

Gov. Rick Snyder Media Release: Michigan Being Vigilant Against the Threat of Ebola (Source: State of Michigan)

In this media release, Michigan Governor Rick Snyder announced that although there is no immediate threat of Ebola in Michigan, the state is vigilantly working with the health and medical community to be prepared to deal with any threat the virus could post in Michigan.


August 15, 2014

Local (Michigan) Health Department Emergency Preparedness Coordinators (Source: MDCH)

contains contact information for Michigan's Regional Coordinators.


August 15, 2014

Local (Michigan) Regional Coordinators Contact Information (Source: Michigan Department of Community Health)

Contains contact information for all of Michigan's local health department Emergency Preparedness Coordinators.


No date identified
Local (Michigan) Health Department Map (Source: MDCH)
Interactive map which, when you click on a Michigan county, identifies the Local Health Department serving that County.


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